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For this wonderful plant, there is no difficulty in conquering the heart of the grower, it is unambiguous that it will happen at first sight. The richest decorative qualities of eustoma, long freshness after cutting contributes to the popularity and demand among florists, because it is so different, but definitely beautiful.
- The history of the emergence of eustoma
- How do florists use Lisianthus?
- How to correctly combine a plant in flower arrangements?
- Caring for a whimsical "Texas bell"
- Agricultural technology for germinating seeds
- Growing lisianthus in natural and indoor conditions
The history of the emergence of eustoma
The origin of the unique eustoma flower or lisianthus as it is more often called in Russia dates back to the 19th century, when the Englishman Richard Salisbury classified and named the flower.
The fate of the plant changed dramatically only in 1933 after the selection of new plant varieties in Japan. And from that moment on, it spread throughout the world. Especially loved in many states of America, in Mexico, New Zealand.
The meaning of the eustoma flower lies in its name, the name comes from the Greek word "Eu" which means "beautiful" and "Stome" - "mouth", "mouth". Fully translated as "lovely mouth". And lisianthus, this is the second name, sounds like a blossoming or bitter flower.
In addition to the official names, the plant has many names from the places where it is cultivated: Japanese, American, Irish, mountain rose, queen of the prairie, Texas bell.
Initially, it did not have such bright colors and diverse forms. However, breeders bred flowers of all shades of yellow, lilac, peach, double, with a border and with a combination of several shades.
How do florists use Lisianthus?
In wedding bouquets and compositions, the eustoma flower is very popular, because it remains fresh for a long time and retains its presentation, in addition, it puts a special meaning in the bouquet.
In the language of flowers, it means happiness and joy, therefore it is an excellent addition to any holiday and for a romantic wedding celebration.
Many people wonder: what is the symbol of eustoma? She is associated with purity and innocence, it is presented on dates, wedding arches are decorated with it and, of course, is used when making bouquets of brides, After all, every girl dreams of having an exclusive image on her wedding day. The Japanese rose will add sophistication, lightness and tenderness to the bouquet and decorations, it goes well with other flowers, so you can safely experiment with it.
Types of bouquets in which eustoma can be used:
- Spherical, good for young, fragile girls. Perfectly emphasize their sophistication and tenderness.
- Cascading, waterfall-like, are formed from lilies, roses, and the Texas bell acts as a complement and background.
- Bibermeier is the most common and classic type of bouquets. Such a composition is always small, round or oval in shape.
Mono-bouquets can be formed from the queen of the prairie. They turn out to be so lush, airy, they look good as a classic version, but they will also be appropriate for fashionable, stylized celebrations.
The monochromatic bouquet represents love and celebration. It is tied with satin, lace ribbons or ordinary twine. It is important here not to overdo it with decor and glitter.
It is possible to form a composition from fully open buds and not yet opened
How to correctly combine a plant in flower arrangements?
Magnificent bouquets are obtained from the tandem of roses and lisianthus. Monochromatic ones will emphasize the tenderness and touchingness of the moment, and the combination of several shades looks spectacular and original.
Together with freesia, it brings lightness and airiness, looks good in photographs and looks outside the box. The bride's hair is decorated with freesia, and the stems of plants are complemented with pearl beads, a beautiful ribbon.
The combination with alstroemeria is actively used by florists for fashionable stylish bouquets of brides. Plants complement each other perfectly and are combined in many color combinations, from pastel colors to the brightest colors.
Lisianthus looks great in pairs and complex compositions with calla lilies, dahlias, chrysanthemums, gerberas and other large buds.
Caring for the whimsical "Texas bell"
It has tough stems, up to 30 flowers bloom alternately on each of the shoots. The calyx is quite deep. Leaves are oblong with a bluish tinge. The color is varied: shining white, all shades of pink, lilac, peach, burgundy, red flowers.
This overseas guest in natural conditions is a perennial, however, flower growers in the garden take care of him as an annual, and in a house, greenhouses or apartment they are grown as a perennial, it all depends on the goals of the gardener.
Many people say that this American guest is quite picky and difficult to care for.
Agricultural technology for germinating seeds
Seeds are sown starting in January. The seeds themselves are small, sold in the form of granules. They germinate rather poorly, 55-60% of germination is considered a good result. The soil for germination should be light, not acidic. You can buy it ready-made, or prepare it yourself: mix garden soil, coarse sand and peat. The soil should be moistened, the seeds are spread over the surface, pressing a little, and sprayed with water on top.
Cover with glass or polyethylene, put in a warm and well-lit place, remembering to ventilate daily.
It is advisable to organize a decrease in temperature to 10 degrees at night, and add additional lighting during the day. The first shoots appear in one and a half to two weeks. From this moment, the seedlings are watered less often, and transferred to a cool place.
When two leaves appear, they are cropped and transplanted into small separate pots, and after about 100 days, they are transplanted to a permanent place on the site or into a pot by transferring.
Growing lisianthus in natural and indoor conditions
Growing on the site
The optimal planting time is early July. A distance of 10-15 cm is left between the seedlings, a bright place is chosen, without exposure to direct sunlight. Around the same time, the first buds bloom, and continue their flowering until the very frost.
To preserve it in the winter, it must be dug up, planted in a pot and transferred to the house. The only drawback is the protracted adaptation to a new place, it lasts almost a month.
Growing at home
The best place for an Irish rose is with light east and west windows, it is advisable to put the pot as close as possible to the glass to ensure the day and night temperature difference. After waiting for the end of flowering, the "Texas bell" is dug up and thrown away.
Although eustoma is a rare guest in our gardens and on windowsills in apartments, interest in it is growing every day. This flower from America remains fresh after cutting for up to three weeks and delights the eye for a long time with beautiful half-open buds, similar in shape to a rose.
With careful care, the capricious Lisianthus, one of the most beautifully flowering crops, will give you its beauty all year round.
We learn about the secrets of growing eustoma by watching the video: